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Chemicals industry
(3,082 words)

1. Artisanal manufacture of utilitarian goods and individual chemicals

1.1. Introduction

Technical chemical processes have been used since protohistory or prehistory, for instance in the manufacture of ceramics (Potter) and glass, and in making sourdough bread and fermented beverages. Late in the Middle Ages and in the transition to the early modern period, a number of industrial trad…

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Priesner, Claus, “Chemicals industry”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_018005>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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