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Code pénal
(820 words)

1. Definition

Code pénal is the French term for a criminal code. In particular, it is used to refer to the criminal code promulgated under Napoleon I in 1810, which was one of the Cinq codes (les cinq codes) together with the Code civil (1804), the Code de procédure civil (1806), the Code de commerce (1807), and the Code d'instruction criminelle (1808).

2. The Code pénal of 1791

All criminal law was codified for the first t…

Cite this page
Pfister, Laurent, “Code pénal”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 08 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_018094>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20170206

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