Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

Get access

(1,699 words)

1. Political entity

1.1. Meaning and History of the Term

In the context of local administration, commune (from Middle Latin communa, communia, “local community, body politic”) is a term denoting regional corporations with the right of self-government (control over income and expenditures, local jurisdiction, and the capability of choosing their own office holders). As a rule, communes represent the smallest unit of local administration, but a town as well as a village can …

Cite this page
Fahrmeir, Andreas and Gleixner, Ulrike, “Commune”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_022447>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20170206

▲   Back to top   ▲