Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(770 words)

1. Origins and development of the concept in Africa

The word Creole is of Portuguese origin (crioulo) and derives from the verb criar (“to feed”, “to raise, bring up”). The term was coined around the mid-15th century in the context of the incipient Portuguese slave trade (Slave market) with the coastal regions of West Africa (especially in the territories of what is now Congo and Angola; Atlantic world, with map). Children born in capti…

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Büschges, Christian, “Creole”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_022745>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20170206

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