Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(919 words)

Distinctions in diving are made between moving underwater with and without artificial aids, and in the case of the former, between equipment that provides propulsion and equipment that does not.

1. Freediving

In freediving, divers hold their breath and rely on this reservoir of air while underwater. From Antiquity, the technique was widespread in the Mediterranean among sponge, coral, and pearl divers, as well as in salvage of sunken ships' cargos and in war [5. 524–526]. In the course of the European ex…

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Mallinckrodt, Rebekka von, “Diving”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 November 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028669>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20170626

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