Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

Get access

(4,379 words)

1. Definition

Equality is generally understood as the partial conformity of several objects, persons, or circumstances. In contrast to “identity,” which indicates complete agreement, equality describes the relationship of different objects to one another that agree in at least one respect. In ancient Greece, equality (isonomía, “equality before the law”; isotimía, “equal right to hold public office”; isegoría, “free speech for all”) was considered the epitome of democracy, although the concept of…

Cite this page
Reulecke, Martin and Hering Torres, Max Sebastián, “Equality”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_020280>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126

▲   Back to top   ▲