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Exercises, spiritual
(817 words)

1. General

In classical philosophy, the term exercise (Latin exercitium, “vigorous  activity,” “training”) already denoted spiritual and intellectual exercise intended to help individuals master their own lives and concentrate on God [2]. In Christian asceticism and monasticism, the goal of such exercises was imitatio Christi, the imitation of Christ. With the mysticism that flourished in the late Middle Ages and the incipient gulf between sp…

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Ruhstorfer, Karlheinz, “Exercises, spiritual”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019025>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126

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