Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Fencing
(1,335 words)

1. Definition

Fencing today is a combat sport involving swords. Both senses of the English word fence, a perimiter barrier and a form of swordsmanship, derive etymologically from the word defence, and the synonymous Old High German term skirmen or skrimen (Dutch schermen, Italian scherma, French escrime, Spanish esgrima, Polish szermierka, Czech sermovat) also indicates that originally fencing was understood defensively. On the other hand, the German term fechten, or F…

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Waldinger, Oliver, “Fencing”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 23 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019169>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126



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