Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Foreign policy
(2,070 words)

1. Early modern trends

Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, the guiding principles of foreign policy underwent several fundamental processes of transformation. Confessional affilitation increased greatly in importance in the design of interstate relations through the 16th century (Confessionalization; Thirty Years’ War; Peace of Westphalia), although it never became the sole dete…

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Duchhardt, Heinz, “Foreign policy”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017235>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126

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