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Forgery
(2,708 words)

1. Counterfeiting

1.1 Criminal aspects

The theory of criminal law and legislation of European states in the early modern era defined and sanctioned crimes of counterfeiting in very different ways. In German criminal-law theory from the 16th to the 19th century, the application of Roman law (Ius commune) was of primary importance, which recognized a series of crimina falsi such as false witness, falsification of documents (charter), falsified boundaries, counterfeit coin, and falsification of weigh…

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Häberlein, Mark, Tschopp, Silvia Serena and Keazor, Henry, “Forgery”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019108>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126



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