Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Fortified town
(865 words)

In the Middle Ages, almost all the larger towns of Central Europe had a town wall, which documented civic self-awareness and the municipal need for security. In many cases, towns serving as oversize castles were also strategically important sites in the military thinking of  sovereigns (Territorial sovereignty [Holy Roman Empire]). They could serve as fortified refuges as well as secure bases for military forays. With the change in contemporary military technology and tactics that took place in …

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Keller, Katrin, “Fortified town”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 03 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_019224>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126

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