Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(3,443 words)

1. Journeymen

1.1. Definition, origin, purposes

Fraternal associations had multiple purposes: cooperative, vocational, moral, social, and religious. Wherever we find the term fraternity (Latin fraternitas), it suggests the equal status of work, religion, and sociability that characterized community life from the ground up in the Middle Ages. During the first centuries of the early modern period, however, the emphasis shifted in many respects; w…

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Hardtwig, Wolfgang and Galley, Susanne, “Fraternity”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 24 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017810>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180126

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