Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,205 words)

1. Definition

The overarching concept of fraud (German: Betrug) as a kind of property crime was not in use in early modern German law. Both in everyday speech and in legal language, only the individual types of crimes were named; criminal codes often devised quite circuitous descriptions for this group of delicts. “Property” as an object protected by law appeared, for example, in the Habsburg Empire for the first time in the Allgemeines Gesetz über Verbrechen, und derselben Bestrafung …

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Ammerer, Gerhard, “Fraud”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 03 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_029628>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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