Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,694 words)

1. Doctrine

1.1. General

In theological contexts, the word grace (Lat. gratia; cf. Ger. Gnade, OHG ginada, “[God’s] mercy, succor”) denotes the direct and indirect presence of God as it effects human salvation. The early modern development of the Christian confessional groups (Confessionalization) was not least due to divergent understandings of grace and justification. The question of the relationship between divine grace and human freedom in the process of redemption constitute…

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Ruhstorfer, Karlheinz, “Grace”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 07 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_020321>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915

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