Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(3,194 words)

1. Varieties and distribution

1.1 Varieties

Over the course of the early modern era, improvements in agriculture had economic, legal, and technical consequences; and long-term population growth had social consequences. One result of both these trends was the narrowing of the range of grain crops grown in Europe, with a focus on higher-margin varieties. Archaeological evidence, written sources, herbals, and a growing body of technical l…

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Göttmann, Frank, “Grain”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 11 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_020162>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915

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