Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

Get access

(1,600 words)

1. Definition

The term gravamina (plural) comes from Latin gravamen (“encumbrance,” “burden”). In late medieval and early modern European history, gravamina were collectively drafted grievances, complaints, and requests, presented in writing and/or recited orally before the ruler or his representatives at specially institutionalized events – usually at assemblies of the estates (Estates, assembly of) but also on occasions of homage, political visitations, etcetera. The te…

Cite this page
Würgler, Andreas, “Gravamina”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_020411>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915

▲   Back to top   ▲