Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(2,795 words)

1. Definition

Guilds were formal corporations of craftsmen, officially recognized and hierarchically organized both formally and socially, which existed in extensive areas of Europe from the high and late Middle Ages until (in some places) well into the 19th century. The terminology used in the European sources varied regionally – in German-speaking areas, for example, besides Zunft such terms as Gi…

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Brandt, Robert and Buchner, Thomas, “Guild”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 05 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_030889>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915

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