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Guilder (gold)
(950 words)

Like the ducat, the guilder originated in 13th-century Italy. It was derived from the coin minted by the city of Florence, also called a florin (Ital. fiorino), on which the lily, the emblem of the city, was depicted, along with John the Baptist. Initially it consisted of fine gold and weighed about 3.54 grams. The florin spread rapidly and after 1325 was also minted in Hungary and after the mid-14th century in the Holy Roman Empire as well. After the Rhenish Coinage Union was established (1385/1386) by the electors of Mainz, Trier, Cologne,…

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Schneider, Konrad, “Guilder (gold)”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_020507>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915



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