Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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1. Definition

The term Hassidism or Chassidism (from Hebrew hasid, “pious”) denotes several mystical movements within Judaism. The earliest is considered the movement of the haside ashkenaz (“The Pious from Ashenaz,” 12th/13th century, Germany; Ashkenazim). But the honorific hasidim (Greek asidaíoi, “pious ones”) was already used by a group in the Maccabean period (2nd century CE), whose members, zealous for the “traditions of the fathers” (i.e. the Torah), sought to dissoci…

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Galley, Susanne, “Hassidism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 03 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_020690>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915

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