Herdsmen were necessary in all parts of Europe that had an agrarian land use system, for example in the Alpine economy, the pastures of the Puszta, migratory sheep-herding (see Transhumance), in pastoral economies that usually involved the livestock returning to the farmstead on a daily basis as well as woodland pasture with overnight accommodations for herdsmen and livestock (e.g., springtime pig-fattening on acorns , ox-herding in the forests of Bavaria and Bohemia, and cattle-pasturing in upland forests) .
In the early modern period, there were independe…
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Schöller, Rainer G.,
Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online
, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012.
Consulted online on 21 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_020948>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915