1. In general
The rise of legal Humanism during the broader humanist movement led to a methodological controversy among jurists (Jurisprudence) over the reception of ius commune (Roman civil law) in the late 15th century. Advocates of this new methodology based on textual criticism sought to restore the late antique codifications of the reign of Justinian I (the Corpus iuris civilis; cf. Ius commune) to their original form.