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Imperial circles
(1,023 words)

1. Introduction

The regional constitution of the Holy Roman Empire (of the German Nation) in “circles,” established at the dawn of the early modern period, had been planned in another form as early as the late Middle Ages. The idea of combining German territories (Territorial sovereignty [Holy Roman Empire]) into regional groups was demonstrably first articulated at the imperial diet of Nuremberg in 1383. The maintenance of the Landfrieden (King’s peace) was entrusted to four territorial “circles” or princ…

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Mally, Anton Karl, “Imperial circles”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026390>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915

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