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In dubio pro reo
(856 words)

The legal principle in dubio pro reo (“in cases of doubt, then for the accused”; i.e. “innocent until proven guilty”) is today regarded as a rule for deciding criminal cases (Criminal law), whereby the judge must interpret doubts in the assessment of the evidence (Proof) in favor of the defendant, so that either a less serious offence is presumed or an acquittal is granted. As a key principle of criminal proceedings according to the rule of law, the proverb is highly significant as the supreme principle of criminal law. It was codified in 1950 in art. 6, sect.…

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Schmoeckel, Mathias, “In dubio pro reo”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_021289>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915



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