Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Independence, judicial
(836 words)

1. Definition

A distinction must be drawn between the objective and personal independence of a judge. While a judge is bound to observe only the law and statutes (Law [statute]) in arriving at his objective rulings, his personal independence guarantees the integrity of his official position. In an extended sense, both aspects are prerequisites of a just, fair judgment.

2. The early modern period

Judges can be found as dependent officials in many territories at the…

Cite this page
Pahlow, Louis, “Independence, judicial”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_029231>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180915



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