Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Infant mortality
(933 words)

The term infant mortality conventionally denotes the number of infants under the age of one who die in a particular year, calculated in proportion to 1,000 live births in the same year. Other more nuanced ways of determining infant mortality include a portion of the births from the preceding year, since the infants who die in their first year do not all come from the birth cohort of the current year; these methods present a more precise picture of infant mortality, but they have not caught on.

The principal sources for early modern infant mortality are church registers and, beginning in…

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Vögele, Jörg, “Infant mortality”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_026970>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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