Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Intellectual work
(1,108 words)

1. Definition

In medieval Christian thought, intellectual activity and gainful employment were incompatible. Selling “words and knowledge” [10. 211] was frowned upon, since knowledge (like time, in which tradesmen and money lenders speculated) belongs to God. It was only in the cities of the high and late Middle Ages that the view became widespread that jurists, physicians, teachers in schools and universities, and other intellectuals were engaged in intellectual work and deserved to b…

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Ehmer, Josef, “Intellectual work”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019720>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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