Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,061 words)

1. Characteristics

Permanent, complete or near-complete invulnerability was regarded from antiquity on as a sign of divine or magical nature (dragons, ghosts). Mortals could attain temporary or partial invulnerability, or at least freedom from pain, by the grace of the gods or God, or through magical manipulations (Achilles, Jason, Siegfried) [6]; [12. 37 f.]. A conclusive definition of a concept of invulnerability should not be expected of the multilayered source tradition.

Invulnerability was generally under…

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Dillinger, Johannes, “Invulnerability”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_029387>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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