Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Josephinism
(1,805 words)

1. The term

The term Josephinism was coined soon after the death of Emperor Joseph II (1790). Originally it generally meant his total program of reform, but after 1832 its content was focused on and reduced to his religious policy, with primarily negative overtones [6]. But there was never consensus: some scholars thought of Josephinism as a kind of “Reform Catholicism” [15], while others thought of it as an anti-Roman form of state church [2. vol. 1, 47–55] (Church and state). The latter view…

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Demel, Walter, “Josephinism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_021641>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124



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