Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(3,877 words)

1. Basic definition

In early modern Europe, a judge was the person responsible for hearing and/or deciding disputes in a court of law. This position was not necessarily held by a trained jurist, but rather could be performed by virtue of birthright (Patrimonial jurisdiction) or by lay judges. Whereas the use of untrained judges to decide disputes remained important in the Anglo-American legal world (cf. Common law), the reception …

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Czeguhn, Ignacio and Müßig, Ulrike, “Judge”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026730>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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