Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(950 words)

Junker derives from the MHG junk-herre (“young lord”), and in the Middle Ages it originally denoted young  nobles living on their father's estate. The name was retained when they entered court or military service, for example as Hofjunker (“court Junker”), Kammerjunker (“chamber Junker”), or Fahnenjunker (“flag Junker”) [10. 25]. In Dutch, Jonkheer was a general title for a nobleman. From the late Middle Ages, the word Junker acquired a further meaning, becoming in a stricter sense a term of the estates system defining (including as a self-descriptio…

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Jatzlauk, Manfred, “Junker”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_021771>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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