Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,945 words)

1. Continental Europe

1.1. From the early modern period to the 18th century

The reception of Roman ius commune triggered a comprehensive professionalization of the legal professions in continental Europe. Medieval lay judges (in Germany, Schöffen) were increasingly supplanted by (university) educated jurists. The profession of jurist first emerged in the wake of law faculties (Law, faculty of) founded first in Italy (Bologna, Padua, Perugia) in the 13th century and subsequently in the res…

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Ebert, Ina, “Jurist”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_021773>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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