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Karlsbad Decrees
(740 words)

The Karlsbad Decrees were drafts for four repressive laws of the German Confederation. They were prepared in August 1819 at the Bohemian spa town of Karlsbad (today Karlovy Váry) at ministerial conferences attended by representatives of ten German governments regarded as conservative (Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, Hannover, Württemberg, Baden, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and Nassau). The ostensible motivation was the murder of the writer August von Kotzebue, who had been working as a co…

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Kohl, Gerald, “Karlsbad Decrees”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 26 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_021966>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124



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