Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,078 words)

1. Meaning and form

The German Kermis (Dutch kermis; Belgian/French kermesse) derived from the MHG kirmesse (“church mass”), denoting the ceremonial blessing of new places of worship. From the Middle Ages, the festival of Kermis was held annually in commemoration of the initial consecration of the church (Kirchweih), and a secular festival accompanied the church festival from medieval times. The equivalent term in English would be “parish fair,” and in the French-sp…

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Fenske, Michaela, “Kermis”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_022222>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190124

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