Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,255 words)

1. Definition

In German the New Testament name Lazarus was associated allegorically with the sick since the Middle Ages – initially lepers, later impoverished victims of any disease. In the Romance languages, a derived adjective (French ladre, 12th century) is attested in the semantic field “wretched, infirm, leprous.” The German noun Lazarett came into common use in the 16th century as a loanword from Italian lazzaretto (Spanish laz…

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Dross, Fritz, “Lazaret”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 April 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023182>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801

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