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Levée en masse
(1,029 words)

1. Origin in the French Revolution

The French Revolution (1789) introduced the levée en masse (“mass conscription”) in response to diplomatic and military crises in the spring of 1793. To meet the onslaught of the coalition army, in February of 1793 the National Convention had already approved conscription of 300,000 soldiers, but had been unable to recruit the necessary number of additional men at arms for the line troops. Against the background of the internal and e…

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Schmidt, Rüdiger, “Levée en masse”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023365>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801

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