Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Literary and philosophical society
(784 words)

In the 18th century, the term literary and philosophical society denoted a specific kind of organized association of readers; such societies were especially common in Rhenish capitals (Residenzstadt) like Cologne. Societies with diverse topical interests were also founded in other European countries, earlier in the west than in the east, with Germany roughly in the middle. The social makeup of these societies could vary, depending on their individual goals and local position (e.g. philosophical societies in England and academies in French provincial cities).

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Dann, Otto, “Literary and philosophical society”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_023347>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801

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