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Literate cultures beyond Europe
(5,913 words)

1. Introduction

To be considered first in this exploration of the non-European literate cultures are the various manuscript cultures that developed independent dynamics in many parts of Asia and Africa and among the indigenous cultures of Central and South America (American indigenous peoples; see below, 3.). Specific interrelations with oral forms of textual culture are evident here. Also important is the issue of the spread of printing with movable type, which reached…

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Bley, Helmut, Reichmuth, Stefan, Rinke, Stefan, Schmidt-Glintzer, Helwig and Frese, Heiko, “Literate cultures beyond Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027217>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801



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