Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Locomotive
(941 words)

1. Origins

A locomotive is a mechanically-powered vehicle that travels on rails. After one was first tested in 1804, locomotives became ubiquitous in Britain, then from the 1830s, as railway technologies were exported, worldwide (Traffic and transport). Until the 20th century, propulsion was generally provided by high-pressure steam engines, usually fueled by coal, sometimes with wood, and later with heavy oil. The speeds attained by locomotives led to the triumph of the railways a…

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Dougherty, Carolyn and Popplow, Markus, “Locomotive”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023483>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801



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