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Marseillaise
(1,400 words)

1. Origins

The anthem that became known as La Marseillaise [10] was written after the French declaration of war on Austria (April 20, 1792) as a patriotic “War Song for the Army of the Rhine” (Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin). Encouraged by the Mayor of Strasbourg, Frédéric de Dietrich, the engineer officer Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle [9], a self-taught musician stationed there, composed the words and music and gave the first public performance of the anthem. La Marseillaise swept to its real tri…

Cite this page
Reichardt, Rolf, “Marseillaise”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023730>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801



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