Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Martial law
(2,409 words)

1. Definition

Early modern martial law [22]; [2]; [1] (Latin: ius or iudicium statarium/stativum/pedareum/extraordinarium) was a special branch of law rooted in military jurisdiction. It came into force particularly in wartime (War), imposing a harsher form of criminal law and expedited trials for certain crimes (see below, section 2.1.) as well as the immediate condemnation and execution of judgments reached by an extraordinary court of law (German: Standgericht; see b…

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Reiter-Zatloukal, Ilse, “Martial law”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028205>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801

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