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Mathematics
(672 words)

The term “mathematics,” plural in form but treated as singular in English, derives from the Greek plural ta mathematiká (“the mathematical things” – used by Aristotle and others –, from the Greek máthema, subject of “knowledge” or “teaching”) and the Latin loanword mathematica (e.g. in Cicero). Full plural forms are still used in many other European languages today (e.g. French les mathématiques; Spanish las matemáticas). The German singular Mathematik acquired the sense of denoting a unified scientific discipline only at the turn of the 19th century. Before …

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Epple, Moritz, “Mathematics”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_023783>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801



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