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Mausoleum
(839 words)

The generic architectural term “mausoleum” denotes a representational funerary structure, and the word is still chiefly used in this sense today (Tomb). Other meanings were also current in the early modern period, falling largely into disuse as the phenomenon they described disappeared. A mausoleum, for instance, was also an ephemeral funerary edifice (Latin castrum doloris, “castle of grief”), and the term formed the basis for the literary genre of funerary panegyric. It also referred to reliquaries of saints (Italian arca).

The original “Mausoleum” (Latin mausoleum, from the …

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Erben, Dietrich, “Mausoleum”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_023801>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801



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