Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(793 words)

1. Role and status before the 19th century

Mayors (German Bürgermeister) were originally holders of the highest office in a town. They presided over councils (Rat, gelehrter) and courts, played a central role in urban rituals (e.g. Citizenship, oath of), and represented the interests of the town with territorial rulers, in the territorial estates (Estates of the realm), and later in parliaments that admitted mayors as members by virtue of their offi…

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Fahrmeir, Andreas, “Mayor”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 21 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017920>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801

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