Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(2,686 words)

1. Concept and problems of definition

Mercantilism (from the Latin mercator, “trader”) refers to (1) the theory of political economics that prevailed from the late 16th to the mid-18th century (Economy, political), which aimed to increase industrial production and the export of finished goods in order to achieve trading profits and to increase wealth and precious metals reserves at the expense of other countries; (2) the practical implementat…

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Sokoll, Thomas, “Mercantilism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023971>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20190801

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