Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Mineralogy
(2,003 words)

1. Mining

Since its beginnings in antiquity, mineralogy (from Old French mine, “[ore] mine”) was characterized by its close relationship with mining and smelting (Mining). Experience had already accepted implicitly the Aristotelian distinction between metals (Greek plural metalleía; Latin metalla), which had to be worked, and fossils (Greek oryktá; Latin fossilia), which merely had to be dug. For the early modern period, this divi…

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Fritscher, Bernhard, “Mineralogy”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 15 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024126>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128



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