Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Minerals, non-metallic
(1,085 words)

The early modern mining of stones and earths (Latin lapides and terrae in the 1546 discussion of Agricola [1]) involved the extraction of various non-metallic mineral resources, mostly used as building materials. These included natural stone for above-ground construction and bridge building (including roofing, but also millstones, grindstones, whetstones, and boundary stones), solid rock and gravel for road construction, carbonate stone, gypsum, anhydrite, and trass as raw materials for quicklime, mortar, whitewash, and other mineral binding ag…

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Ludwig, Jan and Kirnbauer, Thomas, “Minerals, non-metallic”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_028246>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128

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