Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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1. Definition

1.1. Terminology

The Middle English “minen” (verb) and “mine” (noun) appeared around 1300, deriving from the Old French miner, “to dig,” and referring to the extraction of mineral resources from mineral deposits. These deposits were collectively called fossils (from Latin (ef)fodere, “dig [out]”) before that term was narrowed in the 19th century to the preserved remains of living creatures of pa…

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Bartels, Christoph, “Mining”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024266>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128

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