Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Mining sciences
(2,133 words)

1. Definition

The mining sciences comprise the theory of mining, mineral dressing, and smelting; in German-speaking Europe, they have a tradition that goes back to the late 15th century; elsewhere in Europe, the beginnings go back to the 16th or early 17th century. The direct involvement of miners with nature, which provided the environment for their work in the form of mountains, mineral deposits, groundwater (Water managem…

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Fessner, Michael, “Mining sciences”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 08 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024276>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128

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