Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(7,623 words)

1. Introduction

Mission (Neolatin missio, “[act of sending]”; “dispatch”) denotes what was originally an exclusively Christian phenomenon: the active propagation of a religion, Christianity, by annunciation and sacramental incorporation into the church. A distinction is drawn between this “outer mission” (missio externa) and the “inner mission” (missio interna) that aims to recruit or recover to the faith people in already Christian countries.

The literate religions …

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Walter, Peter, Huber, Friedrich, Rinke, Stefan and Rüther, Kirsten, “Mission”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024146>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128

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