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Monasticism
(2,927 words)

1. Definition

The terms monasticismmonk, and monastic, all from Greek mónachos (“living alone”), stand for a celibate way of life (Celibacy) characterized by withdrawal from the social environment and concentrated focus on the divine sphere; it is native to many religious traditions. In the western (Latin) Church, monasticism constitutes the oldest form of Christian order (Order [association]) – though not the only form, as in the Eastern Church. …

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Mertens, Benedikt, Wendebourg, Dorothea, Prokschi, Rudolf and Hacker, Sebastian Maximilian, “Monasticism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024220>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128



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